The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Form. | ||

Luilang | tulu | three |

Basai | tsu | three |

Kavalan | saqa-turu | third |

u-turu | three (things) | |

kin-turu | three (people) | |

turu | three | |

Saisiyat | toloʔ | three |

Papora | tulu | three |

Seediq | təruʔ | three |

Thao | ma-turu-z | thirty |

lhun-turu-z | do something three times | |

mu-turu-z | three times | |

turu | three | |

lhin-turu-z-inj | divide something into three parts | |

kun-turu-z | do something three times | |

Pazeh | turu | three |

Bunun | tau | three |

Kanakanabu | u-túlu | three |

Saaroa | u-tulu | three |

Tsou | turu | three |

Amis | tolo | three |

Rukai | toɭo | three |

Rukai (Maga) | túru | three |

Rukai | túru | three |

Rukai (Mantauran) | toɭo | three |

Puyuma | mi-ta-teɭu | three (people) together |

teɭu | three | |

Paiwan | tjelu | three |

ma-ka-tjelu-lʸ | three (times, days, occasions) | |

Proto-Rukai | toɭo | three |

WMP | ||

Yami | ipi-tlo | third time, three times |

Itbayaten | a-tlo | three |

ka-ka-tlo | a third part, one-third | |

Tsat | kiu³³ | three |

Isneg | talló | three |

Agta (Central Cagayan) | talló | three |

Itawis | tállu | three |

Ibanag | tellu | three |

Kalinga | tulú | three |

Kalinga (Guinaang) | tulú | three |

Agta (Dupaningan) | talló | three |

Bontok | tulú | three, to be three |

Ifugaw | tulu | the number three |

tulú | three, third, thrice | |

Kankanaey | tuló | three |

Ifugaw (Batad) | tulu | the number three |

Yogad | tellu | three |

Gaddang | tellu | three |

Ibaloy | tedo | three --- the cardinal number; three stars that appear together in a line; the group is said to reach its zenith at dawn during harvest time (August); could be the three bright summer stars, Vega, Deneb, and Altair |

Casiguran Dumagat | ə-təlu | three |

Pangasinan | taló | three |

Ilokano | talló | three |

Kapampangan | atlú | three |

Jarai | kləw | three |

Chamorro | tulu | three |

Rhade | tləw | three |

Buhid | tuló | three |

Hanunóo | túlu | three, a cardinal number |

Masbatenyo | tuló | three |

Tboli | tlu | cardinal number 3 |

Waray-Waray | tuló | three |

Cebuano | tulú | numeral three |

Binukid | tulú | three |

Maranao | telo | three |

Palauan | e-déi | three |

Mansaka | toro | three |

Tiruray | telew | three |

Yakan | tellu | three |

Tombonuwo | tolu | three |

Mapun | tallu | three |

Kadazan Dusun | tohu | three |

Labuk-Kinabatangan Kadazan | tolu | three |

Kujau | təLu | three |

Minokok | təluʔ | three |

Ida'an Begak | təllu | three |

Murut (Timugon) | talu | three |

Tausug | tū | three |

Murut (Paluan) | talu | three |

Bisaya (Limbang) | talu | three |

Bisaya | talu | three |

Penan (Long Lamai) | tələuʔ | three |

Penan | tələuʔ | three |

Murut (Tagol) | talu | three |

Narum | təlaw | three |

Lun Dayeh | tə-təluh | in groups of three |

təluh | three | |

Tingalan (West) | talu | three |

Kiput | təlaw | three |

Talaud | tallu | three |

Berawan (Long Terawan) | təloh | three |

Berawan (Long Teru) | təloh | three |

Acehnese | bintaŋ lheə | the three brightly shining stars in the middle of Orion |

lheə | three | |

Bintulu | tələw | three |

Kenyah (Long San) | tələw | three |

Sa'ban | law | three |

ləw | three | |

Kenyah | telu | three |

tələw | three | |

Kelabit | təluh | three; we (trial, incl.) |

Sangir | təllu | three |

Kejaman | tələw | three |

Lahanan | təlow | three |

Kayan (Uma Juman) | teluʔ | three; we (trial, incl.) |

Melanau (Sarikei) | təlaw | three; we (paucal, incl.) |

Melanau Dalat | tələw | three |

Melanau Dalat (Kampung Teh) | tələw | three |

Melanau (Mukah) | tələw | three; we (plural, incl.) |

Dairi-Pakpak Batak | telu | three |

Simalur | təlu fəŋi | in three days/the day after tomorrow |

təlu ~ təlo | three (in some combinations, and in women’s speech) | |

Toba Batak | si-paha-tolu | the third month |

tolu | three | |

sa-par-tolu | a third | |

pa-tolu-na | the day after tomorrow | |

Bekatan | toluh | three |

Karo Batak | telu | three |

Iban | telu | add or twist strands into a rope, splice |

Malay | buah keras telu | a hard fruit with three pips |

susun telu | in a triple row or layer | |

telu | three; triple (in certain expressions only, as is the ordinary word for ‘three’) | |

min-telu | relative in the third degree, third cousin | |

Tonsea | tedu | three |

Bukat | talu | three |

Tondano | təlu | three |

Tontemboan | təlu | three |

Nias | tõlu | three |

Lolak | tolu | three |

Mongondow | toluʔ | three (only in serial counting) |

tolu | three | |

Kayan | teloʔ | three; we (paucal, incl.) |

teluʔ | three; we (trial, incl.) | |

Tunjung | təlu | three |

Siang | tolu | three |

Dohoi | toluʔ | three |

Balantak | tolu | three |

Mentawai | telu | three |

Dusun Witu | telo | three |

Banggai | tolu | three |

siŋgo-tolu-kon | three by three, three each | |

Ba'amang | teluʔ | three |

Bare'e | tou | three |

Uma | tolu | three |

Lawangan | toluʔ | three |

Taboyan | toluʔ | three |

Paku | tolu | three |

Dusun Deyah | tolu | three |

Ma'anyan | telo | three |

Samihim | telo | three |

Mori Atas | o-tolu | three |

Tae' | tallu | three |

Padoe | o-tolu | three |

Koroni | o-tolu | three |

Bungku | o-tolu | three |

Mandar | tallu | three |

Buginese | tellu | three |

Wolio | talu | three |

Enggano | ʔa-koru-para | parents with one child |

ʔa-koru ~ ʔa-kodu | three | |

Muna | to-tolu | three, be three |

tolu | three (form used in counting and prefixed to nouns) | |

Makassarese | tallu | three |

Lampung | telu | three |

Popalia | tolu | three |

Malay (Jakarta) | min-telu | relative in the third degree, third cousin |

Old Javanese | təlu | three |

Madurese | telloʔ | three |

Javanese | telu | three |

Bonerate | tolu | three |

Balinese | telu | three |

Sasak | sən-təluʔ | wind in the third strand (in making rope) |

təlu | three | |

Bikol | tuló | three |

Proto-Bungku-Tolaki | o-tolu | three (independent numeral) |

Miri | təlauh ~ təloh | three |

Malagasy | télo | three |

Kenyah (Long Ikang) | tələw | three |

Proto-Bungku-Tolaki | tolu | three (bound numeral) |

CMP | ||

Soboyo | tolu | three |

Sekar | téni | three |

Onin | teni | three |

Wahai | tolo | three |

Manusela | tolu | three |

Alune | telu | three |

Batu Merah | telu-a | three |

Teluti | toi | three |

Kamarian | teru | three |

Buruese | ka-telo-r | a constellation of three stars |

telo | three | |

Hitu | telu | three |

Saparua | toru | three |

Asilulu | telu | three |

Nusa Laut | ʔoru | three |

Laha | teru | three |

Larike | tidu | three |

Amblau | relu | three |

Gah | tolo | three |

East Damar | wo-telu | three |

Tugun | telu | three |

Yamdena | na-ŋ-téli | the third |

tél | three | |

Erai | telu | three (usually with a numeral prefix: ) |

Talur | i-telu | three |

Kisar | wo-kelu | three |

Selaru | ena-tél | three |

Luang | wo-telu | three |

Leti | wo-telu | three |

Kédang | telu | three |

Adonara | telo | three |

Solorese | telo | three |

Lamaholot | təlo | three |

Rembong | telu | three |

Manggarai | telu | three |

Bimanese | tolu | three |

Tetun (Dili) | tolu | three |

Galoli | i-telu | three |

Komodo | telu | three |

Sika | telu | three |

Ngadha | telu | three |

Idate | telu | three |

Tetun | tolu | three |

Vaikenu | tɛnu | three |

Kodi | tallu | three |

Atoni | tenu | three |

Kambera | tílu ~ tailu | three |

Helong | tilu | three |

Hawu | telu | three |

Rotinese | telu hulu | thirty |

telu | three | |

Wetan | wo-teli | three |

OC | ||

Nalik | o-rol | three |

SHWNG | ||

Buli | tol | three |

Sawai | tel | three |

Taba | p-tol | three |

Minyaifuin | pi-tol | three |

Gimán | p-tol | three |

As | tu | three |

Numfor | kior | three |

Misool (Coast) | tol | three |

Mayá | ꞌto³l | three |

Woi | toru | three |

Marau₁ | toru | three |

Munggui | bo-toru | three |

Serui-Laut | bo-toru | three |

Ambai | bo-toru | three |

Biga | tol | three |

Wandamen | toru | three |

Waropen | toru | three |

Ron | kor | three |

Dusner | toru | three |

Moor | oro | three |

Irarutu | tor | three |

toru | three | |

Kowiai/Koiwai | tor | three |

OC | ||

Hawaiian | -kou | indicator of plurality in the plural pronouns and possessives only |

kā-kou | we (plural, inclusive) | |

kolu | three | |

Ulithian | sulu | three |

Marshallese | jilu | three |

Woleaian | seli- ~ yeli | three |

Puluwat | yeluuq | three (general) |

yéél | three (sequential) | |

Chuukese | één | the number three |

wúnú | three | |

Pohnpeian | sili- ~ silū | three |

Mokilese | jili- | three |

Kosraean | tol | three |

Nukuoro | dolu | three |

oo-dou | your | |

Kapingamarangi | dolu | three |

Gilbertese | tenu-a | three |

Seimat | tolu-hu | three |

Mussau | tolu | three |

Kaniet | tohu | three |

Marau₂ | oru | three |

Sobei | tou | three |

Leipon | ma-culo-h | three |

Sori | taro-p | three |

Kuruti | tolo-h | three |

Lele | toyo-h | three |

Andra | talo-h | three |

Ahus | telu | three |

Loniu | ma-colo-h | three |

Papitalai | mʷa-talah | three |

Bipi | talo-h | three |

Lindrou | talo-h | three |

Nali | ma-royo-h | three |

Ere | tula-h | three |

Penchal | tulu-p | three |

Tarpia | tor | three |

Lou | teli-p | three |

Tigak | po-tul | three |

Wogeo | tol | three |

Ali | tuəl | three |

Mendak | e-run | three |

even tun | three (in answer to question) | |

Kairiru | tuol | three |

Manam | toli | three |

Tanga | k’-tul | three |

Takia | u-tol | three |

Vitu | tolu | three; we (pl. incl.) |

Bali (Uneapa) | te-tolu | three |

Gedaged | tol | three |

Luangiua | kolu | three |

Lusi | tolu | three |

Amara | tel | three |

Lakalai | -tolu | three |

Mbula | tel | three |

pa tel | three times | |

tel-tel-ŋa | three by three, in threes | |

Papapana | tau-tonu | three |

Uruava | toru | three |

Yabem | têlê-àc | three |

Babatana | tulu | three |

Sikaiana | tolu | three |

Toqabaqita | ulu | three |

Bugotu | tolu | three |

va-tolu-i | third, third time | |

tolu-ña | third | |

va-tolu-ña | third | |

vi-tolu | the third day, back or forward, not counting today | |

Lau | olu-na ~ ou-na | third |

olu | three | |

Tuvaluan | o-tou | your (plural possessor) |

tolu | three | |

Kwaio | olu-na | third |

olu | three | |

Gabadi | koi | three |

Nggela | tolu | three |

na tolu-na | the third | |

'Āre'āre | oru | three |

Molima | toi | three |

Ubir | ton | three |

Sa'a | olu | three |

olu-ne | third, third time | |

Motu | toi | three |

Sinaugoro | toi-toi | three |

Pileni | tolu | three |

Arosi | oru | three |

oru-na | third | |

Anuta | toru | three |

ta-tou ~ taa-tou | first person plural inclusive personal and possessive pronoun; we, us; our, ours | |

Rennellese | togu | three, third, three times; to be three in number, third, three times |

kita-tou | we, us (plural, inclusive) | |

Rotuman | folu | three |

Mota | va-toliu | three |

ni-tol | three | |

Samoan | tolu | three |

tā-tou | first person plural inclusive conjunct verbal pronoun (pre-basic and post-basic); we (you and we, speaking of three or more people); first person plural inclusive disjunct verbal pronoun first person inclusive nominal pronoun | |

Futunan | tā-tou | first person plural inclusive postposed personal pronoun |

tolu | three | |

Lakona | ni-tel | three |

Merlav | i-tol | three |

Nokuku | tol | three |

Piamatsina | tolu | three |

Malmariv | tolu | three |

Lametin | tolu | three |

Mafea | tolu | three |

Amblong | mo-tol | three |

Raga | tolu | three |

Tangoa | mo-tolu | three |

Aore | a tolu | three |

Araki | rolu | three |

Apma | ka-cil | three |

Rano | e-til | three |

Atchin | e-tul | three |

Leviamp | i-tl | three |

Lingarak | i-tl | three |

Avava | i-tl | three |

Paamese | e-tel | three |

Axamb | a-rür | three |

Maxbaxo | ŋo-rœr | three |

Malfaxal | i-tul | three |

Makatea | toru | three |

Pwele | tolu | three |

Mele-Fila | taa-tou | we (plural, inclusive) |

toru | three | |

Efate (South) | tol | three |

Wayan | tolu | be three, three |

viā-tolu | be every third one | |

a-tolu | be three each | |

Fijian | tolu | three |

yā-tolu | three each | |

Sie | nde-hel | three |

Niue | tolu | three, third |

Tongan | tolu | three |

kita-u-tolu | first person plural inclusive | |

Rarotongan | totu | numeral three |

ta-tou | first person plural inclusive pronoun | |

Maori | toru | three, third |

tā-tou | first person plural inclusive pronoun | |

te toru | the third month | |

Biliau | tola-gom | three |

Proto-Micronesian | telu | three |

Wuvulu | olu | three |

Merig | i-tol | three |

Toak | tol | three |

Haununu | oru | three |

Arop | tol | three |

Tolai | u-tul | three |

Vatrata | vo-ʔol | three |

WMP | ||

Ilokano | tallo púlo | thirty |

Kelabit | təluh ŋəh puluʔ | thirty |

Tondano | təlu ŋa puluʔ | thirty |

Muna | tolu fulu | thirty |

CMP | ||

Lamaholot | pulu təlo | thirty |

OC | ||

Tanga | k’-tul-‘n-samful | thirty |

Roviana | tolo-ŋa-vulu | thirty |

Tuvaluan | tolu-ŋa-fulu | thirty |

Motu | toi-a-hui | thirty |

Rotuman | fol-aŋ-hulu | thirty |

Samoan | tolu-ŋa-fulu | thirty |

Fijian | tolu-sa-ŋa-vulu | thirty |

Niue | tolu-ŋo-fulu | thirty |

Tongan | tolu-ŋo-fulu | thirty |

WMP | ||

Yami | ka-tlo | three in total |

Bontok | ka-tlu | to divide into three or thirds |

Ibaloy | ka-tdo | third day of funeral celebration |

Romblomanon | ka-ta-tlú | three times |

Cebuano | ka-tulú | three times |

Yakan | ka-tallu | all three that one has (of anything) |

Mongondow | ko-tolu | three times |

Banggai | ko tolu-no | the third |

Madurese | ma-telloʔ | add up to three, total three |

Old Javanese | ka-təlu | three (all together) |

Javanese | ka-telu | three times; times three; (for) the third time; third in a series |

WMP | ||

Ifugaw | ma-nulu | to be able to produce three things in a specified period of time, as for stone walling to produce three pesos a day in earnings, or for a man to be a three basket per week weaver |

Ifugaw (Batad) | ma-nulu | to be able to produce three things in a specified period of time, as for stone walling to produce three pesos a day in earnings, or for a man to be a three basket per week weaver |

Sangir | ma-nəllu | twist a third strand into a rope that already has two |

Toba Batak | ma-nolu | twist together rope out of three strands |

Tontemboan | mə-nəlu-nəlu | for only three to remain, for three still to remain |

Javanese | nelu | to form a group of three; to hold a ceremonial feast for a woman in the third month of pregnancy |

Form. | ||

Paiwan | ma-tjelu | three persons |

WMP | ||

Ifugaw | ma-tulu | to be three units of measure, of length, quantity, size, time, value, weight |

Ifugaw (Batad) | ma-tulu | to be three units of measure, of length, quantity, size, time, value, weight |

Tontemboan | ma-təlu | of a third woman, to join two others in pounding rice |

Madurese | ma-telloʔ | split into three parts |

WMP | ||

Tagalog | maká-tatló | thrice, three times |

Cebuano | maka-tulú | three times |

Makassarese | maka-tallu | third |

maka-tallu-na | the third | |

Balinese | maka-talu-n | a period of three days |

Bikol | maka-tuló | to have three |

WMP | ||

Yakan | pa-tellu | to make something three (as in dividing cookies into three batches) |

Tontemboan | pa-təlu-təlu-n | put three in each pile |

CMP | ||

Fordata | fa-telu | three times |

WMP | ||

Madurese | par-tello-n | a path that branches three ways |

Bikol | pag-tulo-on | to divide into three; to send three at a time; to go three at a time |

WMP | ||

Bontok | pin-ta<l>lú | three, play counting |

Kankanaey | pin-tuló | three, one of the numbers used by children |

Ibaloy | ka-pin-tedo | the third time |

pin-tedo | three times, thrice | |

Makassarese | pin-tallu | three times |

Form. | ||

Kavalan | siqa-turu | three times |

Paiwan | ta-si-ka-tjelu | day before yesterday |

si-ka-tjelu | third | |

nu-si-ka-tjelu | day after tomorrow |

WMP | ||

Yami | ika-tlo | third |

Itbayaten | icha-tlo | third |

Tagalog | ika-tló | third |

Romblomanon | íka-tlu | third (action, person, situation, thing, time, unit of measurement) |

Masbatenyo | ika-tuló | third |

Tboli | ge-tlu | third |

Hiligaynon | iká-tlu | third |

Cebuano | ika-tulú | third |

Binukid | ika-tulú | third |

Tombonuwo | ko-tolu | third |

Kadazan Dusun | ko-tohu | the third |

Murut (Timugon) | ka-talu | third, the third |

Tontemboan | ka-təlu | third, the third |

Sasak | kə-təlu | the third |

Bikol | ika-tuló | third |

CMP | ||

Soboyo | ka-tolu | the third |

Rotinese | ka-telu-k | the third |

Form. | ||

Thao | ta-turu | three, of humans |

Amis | ta-tolo | three, of humans |

WMP | ||

Yami | ta-tlo | three (people) |

Itbayaten | ta-tlo | three |

Ibaloy | ta-tdo | three (especially in counting people) |

Sambal | ta-tlo | three |

Sambal (Botolan) | ta-tlo | three |

Tagalog | tatló | three |

Romblomanon | ta-tlu | three (actions, people, pieces of something, situations, things, times, units of measurement |

Aklanon | tátlo | three |

tátlo | to raise or lower to three, make three | |

Hiligaynon | tátlu | three |

Binukid | ta-tulú | three; to be in threes, to do, make three (of something) |

Manobo (Ata) | ta-tolu | three |

Manobo (Tigwa) | ta-tɨlu | three |

Manobo (Western Bukidnon) | te-telu | three |

Sangir | ta-təllu bauʔ | three pieces (of round things) |

Petapa Taje | to-tolu | three |

Balinese | ta-telu | triad, three |

WMP | ||

Itbayaten | ka-tlw-an | third month |

Ifugaw | ka-tluw-án | add a third one |

Hiligaynon | ka-ta-tlu-an | thirty |

Cebuano | ka-tlu-an | thirty |

Sangir | ka-təllu-aŋ | Orion’s belt |

Tontemboan | ka-təlu-an | the three stars in Orion’s belt |

Mongondow | ko-tolu-an | Orion’s belt |

Malagasy | ha-telo-ana | three days |

Bikol | ka-tulu-an | thirds |

WMP | ||

Murut (Timugon) | ka-talu-on | something that is tallied or totaled as amounting to three |

Dairi-Pakpak Batak | ke-telu-n | the period of the third planting of rice, at which time yam plantings are seen here and there |

Karo Batak | ke-telū-n | the day after the day after tomorrow, three days hence |

WMP | ||

Ilokano | t<in>alló | twilled work of three warp crossings |

Tagalog | t<in>a-tló | tripartite, divided into three parts |

Cebuano | t<in>ulu-tulú | kind of rope made of three strands |

t<in>ulú | into three, in threes | |

Tontemboan | t<in>əlu | brought up to three |

Mongondow | lubid s<in>olu | cord or twine made of three strands |

WMP | ||

Ifugaw | t<um>ulu | for something to become three, especially through natural processes such as reproduction |

Ifugaw (Batad) | t<um>ulu | for something to become three, especially through natural processes such as reproduction |

Tontemboan | t<um>əlu | of a third woman, to join two others in pounding rice |

WMP | ||

Bontok | tulu-wan | to make three; to join with (two others); a third one |

Tagalog | ta-tlú-han | in groups of three; in threes |

Masbatenyo | tulúh-an | suitable for three (refers to something which is adequate for three portions, usually used in terms of food) |

Tontemboan | təlu-an | name of a small river that is formed by the confluence of the Rano Pengkor, Rano Sue, and Winaluian rivers |

WMP | ||

Bontok | tulu-wən | to divide into three or thirds; one third |

Ifugaw | tulu-wón | to give (make, lay, etc.) three of the same kind (value, size, etc.) |

Ilokano | tallu-en | to do three times |

Tagalog | ta-tlu-hín | to triple; to make or become three times as much |

Gayō | tulu-n | third day hence |

Mongondow | tolu-on | make with three strands (of cord) |

Malagasy | telo-ina ~ telo-vina | to be divided into three |

WMP | ||

Bontok | tullu-tullu | to be in units of three (as when dividing meat into portions) |

Ifugaw | tulu-tulu | always three; three by three |

tullu-tullu | for people to be three at a time in a particular state doing something, of one group repeating an action, or two or more groups acting successively | |

Ilokano | talló-talló | a kind of vine with trifoliate leaves |

tal-talló | only three | |

Murut (Timugon) | talu-talu | the three of them, all three |

Tontemboan | təlu-təlu | by threes, in groups of three |

Nias | tõlu-tõlu | three each, three by three |

Makassarese | tallu-tallu | all three; only three; three, in games of cards and dice |

Javanese | telu-telu | by threes |

Balinese | ta-telu-ta-telu | in threes, three at a time |

Malagasy | tsi-telo-telo | three by three |

Bikol | tuló-túlo~ tu-tuló | only three |

mag-tuló-túlo | to divide into three; to send three at a time | |

CMP | ||

Yamdena | té-tél | three by three, three at a time |

Rotinese | telu-telu | three at a time, three by three |